// Seron Security

Cyber Security Terms

Attacks – Attacks can be categorized in two types:

1. Outside In Attacks/ Network Hacking

Network hacking is the easiest way for a hacker to gain access to information on a computer. Using simple software tools readily available from the internet, a hacker can attempt to break in to your network from virtually anywhere in the world.

2. Inside Out

– where the attacker is able to access the data on your computer with the help of a program running on your computer. With very few exceptions, these programs cannot be activated without human interaction; you must choose to run the infected program before it can cause damage. The problems they cause can range from annoying to catastrophic. The most benign will simple make copies of itself and continue spreading, while the most dangerous can randomly email confidential information, destroy all the data on your disk drive or even allow complete access to your computer through the internet.

Antivirus software

An antivirus program looks at each file and compares the data inside the file to a list of patterns that are common in the viruses. Once this pattern is detected, the antivirus program will delete, repair or isolate the file to render it harmless. Since new viruses are constantly appearing, antivirus programs download a list of new virus patterns daily.


– A cluster of compromised, malware-infected devices remotely controlled by an offender. Device owners are unaware of their system participation.

DDoS bot

– A malicious software application (script) used by a perpetrator. They typically masquerade as browsers (human visitors) or legitimate bots (e.g., search engine crawlers) to bypass security solutions


– In the context of this study, a payload is a packet type used in a network layer assault. It’s fabricated by an attack script and can often be altered on the fly. In many cases, multiple payload types are used simultaneously during the course of a single event.